The Ledger Nano S hardware wallet offers secure storage of your Solana private keys. The Solana Ledger app enables derivation of essentially infinite keys, and secure transaction signing.
Before You Begin
Use Ledger Nano S with Solana CLI
- Ensure the Ledger Live application is closed
- Plug your Ledger device into your computer's USB port
- Enter your pin and start the Solana app on the Ledger device
- Press both buttons to advance past the "Pending Ledger review" screen
- Ensure the screen reads "Application is ready"
View your Wallet ID
On your computer, run:
This confirms your Ledger device is connected properly and in the correct state to interact with the Solana CLI. The command returns your Ledger's unique wallet ID. When you have multiple Nano S devices connected to the same computer, you can use your wallet ID to specify which Ledger hardware wallet you want to use. If you only plan to use a single Nano S on your computer at a time, you don't need to include the wallet ID. For information on using the wallet ID to use a specific Ledger, see Manage Multiple Hardware Wallets.
View your Wallet Addresses
Your Nano S supports an arbitrary number of valid wallet addresses and signers.
To view any address, use the
solana-keygen pubkey command, as shown below,
followed by a valid keypair URL.
Multiple wallet addresses can be useful if you want to transfer tokens between your own accounts for different purposes, or use different keypairs on the device as signing authorities for a stake account, for example.
All of the following commands will display different addresses, associated with the keypair path given. Try them out!
You can use other values for the number after
key= as well.
Any of the addresses displayed by these commands are valid Solana wallet
addresses. The private portion associated with each address is stored securely
on the Nano S device, and is used to sign transactions from this address.
Just make a note of which keypair URL you used to derive any address you will be
using to receive tokens.
If you are only planning to use a single address/keypair on your device, a good
easy-to-remember path might be to use the address at
key=0. View this address
Now you have a wallet address (or multiple addresses), you can share any of these addresses publicly to act as a receiving address, and you can use the associated keypair URL as the signer for transactions from that address.
View your Balance
To view the balance of any account, regardless of which wallet it uses, use the
solana balance command:
For example, if your address is
then enter the following command to view the balance:
You can also view the balance of any account address on the Accounts tab in the Explorer and paste the address in the box to view the balance in you web browser.
Note: Any address with a balance of 0 SOL, such as a newly created one on your Ledger, will show as "Not Found" in the explorer. Empty accounts and non-existent accounts are treated the same in Solana. This will change when your account address has some SOL in it.
Send SOL from a Ledger Nano S
To send some tokens from an address controlled by your Nano S device, you will need to use the device to sign a transaction, using the same keypair URL you used to derive the address. To do this, make sure your Nano S is plugged in, unlocked with the PIN, Ledger Live is not running, and the Solana App is open on the device, showing "Application is Ready".
solana transfer command is used to specify to which address to send tokens,
how many tokens to send, and uses the
--keypair argument to specify which
keypair is sending the tokens, which will sign the transaction, and the balance
from the associated address will decrease.
Below is a full example. First, an address is viewed at a certain keypair URL.
Second, the balance of tht address is checked. Lastly, a transfer transaction
is entered to send
1 SOL to the recipient address
When you hit Enter for a transfer command, you will be prompted to approve the
transaction details on your Ledger device. On the device, use the right and
left buttons to review the transaction details. If they look correct, click
both buttons on the "Approve" screen, otherwise push both buttons on the "Reject"
After approving the transaction on your device, the program will display the transaction signature, and wait for the maximum number of confirmations (32) before returning. This only takes a few seconds, and then the transaction is finalized on the Solana network. You can view details of this or any other transaction by going to the Transaction tab in the Explorer and paste in the transaction signature.
Manage Multiple Hardware Wallets
It is sometimes useful to sign a transaction with keys from multiple hardware wallets. Signing with multiple wallets requires fully qualified keypair URLs. When the URL is not fully qualified, the Solana CLI will prompt you with the fully qualified URLs of all connected hardware wallets, and ask you to choose which wallet to use for each signature.
Instead of using the interactive prompts, you can generate fully qualified
URLs using the Solana CLI
resolve-signer command. For example, try
connecting a Ledger Nano-S to USB, unlock it with your pin, and running the
You will see output similar to:
BsNsvfXqQTtJnagwFWdBS7FBXgnsK8VZ5CmuznN85swK is your
With your fully qualified URL, you can connect multiple hardware wallets to
the same computer and uniquely identify a keypair from any of them.
Use the output from the
resolve-signer command anywhere a
<KEYPAIR> entry to use that resolved path as the signer for that
part of the given transaction.
Install the Solana Beta App
You're invited to help us test the latest pre-release version of our Ledger app on one of the public testnets.
You can use the command-line to install the latest Solana Ledger app release before it has been validated by the Ledger team and made available via Ledger Live. Note that because the app is not installed via Ledger Live, you will need to approve installation from an "unsafe" manager, as well as see the message, "This app is not genuine" each time you open the app. Once the app is available on Ledger Live, you can reinstall the app from there, and the message will no longer be displayed.
WARNING: Installing an unsigned Ledger app reduces the security of your Ledger device. If your client is compromised, an attacker will be able to trick you into signing arbitrary transactions with arbitrary derivation paths. Only use this installation method if you understand the security implications. We strongly recommend that you use a separate Ledger device, with no other wallets/apps sharing the same seed phrase.
- Connect your Ledger device via USB and enter your pin to unlock it
- Download and run the Solana Ledger app installer:curl -sSLf https://github.com/solana-labs/ledger-app-solana/releases/download/v0.2.1/install.sh | sh
- When prompted, approve the "unsafe" manager on your device
- When prompted, approve the installation on your device
- An installation window appears and your device will display "Processing..."
- The app installation is confirmed
Installing the Solana Beta App returns an error
If you encounter the following error:
To fix, check the following:
- Ensure your Ledger device is connected to USB
- Ensure your Ledger device is unlocked and not waiting for you to enter your pin
- Ensure the Ledger Live application is not open
Keypair URL parameters are ignored in zsh
The question mark character is a special character in zsh. If that's not a
feature you use, add the following line to your
~/.zshrc to treat it as a
Then either restart your shell window or run
If you would prefer not to disable zsh's special handling of the question mark character, you can disable it explictly with a backslash in your keypair URLs. For example:
Check out our Wallet Support Page for ways to get help.