Configure Solana CLI
The solana cli includes
set configuration commands to automatically
--url argument for cli commands. For example:
While this section demonstrates how to connect to the Devnet cluster, the steps are similar for the other Solana Clusters.
Confirm The Cluster Is Reachable
Before attaching a validator node, sanity check that the cluster is accessible to your machine by fetching the transaction count:
View the metrics dashboard for more detail on cluster activity.
Confirm your Installation
Try running following command to join the gossip network and view all the other nodes in the cluster:
If your machine has a GPU with CUDA installed (Linux-only currently), include
--cuda argument to
When your validator is started look for the following log message to indicate
that CUDA is enabled:
"[<timestamp> solana::validator] CUDA is enabled"
The solana repo includes a daemon to adjust system settings to optimize performance (namely by increasing the OS UDP buffer limits, and scheduling PoH with realtime policy).
The daemon (
solana-sys-tuner) is included in the solana binary release. Restart
it, before restarting your validator, after each software upgrade to ensure that
the latest recommended settings are applied.
To run it:
If you would prefer to manage system settings on your own, you may do so with the following commands.
Increase UDP buffers
Increased memory mapped files limit
[Service] section of your systemd service file, if you use one,
otherwise add it to
Create an identity keypair for your validator by running:
The identity public key can now be viewed by running:
Note: The "validator-keypair.json” file is also your (ed25519) private key.
Paper Wallet identity
You can create a paper wallet for your identity file instead of writing the keypair file to disk with:
The corresponding identity public key can now be viewed by running:
and then entering your seed phrase.
See Paper Wallet Usage for more info.
You can generate a custom vanity keypair using solana-keygen. For instance:
Depending on the string requested, it may take days to find a match...
Your validator identity keypair uniquely identifies your validator within the network. It is crucial to back-up this information.
If you don’t back up this information, you WILL NOT BE ABLE TO RECOVER YOUR VALIDATOR if you lose access to it. If this happens, YOU WILL LOSE YOUR ALLOCATION OF SOL TOO.
To back-up your validator identify keypair, back-up your "validator-keypair.json” file or your seed phrase to a secure location.
More Solana CLI Configuration
Now that you have a keypair, set the solana configuration to use your validator keypair for all following commands:
You should see the following output:
Airdrop & Check Validator Balance
Airdrop yourself some SOL to get started:
Note that airdrops are only available on Devnet. Testnet SOL can be obtained by participating in the Tour de SOL program.
To view your current balance:
Or to see in finer detail:
Read more about the difference between SOL and lamports here.
Create Vote Account
If you haven’t already done so, create a vote-account keypair and create the vote account on the network. If you have completed this step, you should see the “vote-account-keypair.json” in your Solana runtime directory:
The following command can be used to create your vote account on the blockchain with all the default options:
Read more about creating and managing a vote account.
If you know and trust other validator nodes, you can specify this on the command line with the
solana-validator. You can specify multiple ones by repeating the argument
--trusted-validator <PUBKEY1> --trusted-validator <PUBKEY2>.
This has two effects, one is when the validator is booting with
--no-untrusted-rpc, it will only ask that set of
trusted nodes for downloading genesis and snapshot data. Another is that in combination with the
it will monitor the merkle root hash of the entire accounts state of other trusted nodes on gossip and if the hashes produce any mismatch,
the validator will halt the node to prevent the validator from voting or processing potentially incorrect state values. At the moment, the slot that
the validator publishes the hash on is tied to the snapshot interval. For the feature to be effective, all validators in the trusted
set should be set to the same snapshot interval value or multiples of the same.
It is highly recommended you use these options to prevent malicious snapshot state download or account state divergence.
Connect Your Validator
Connect to the cluster by running:
Lastly, to configure log rotation, please run the following:
To force validator logging to the console add a
--log - argument, otherwise
the validator will automatically log to a file.
Note: You can use a paper wallet seed phrase for your
--vote-accountkeypairs. To use these, pass the respective argument as
solana-validator --identity ASK ... --vote-account ASK ...and you will be prompted to enter your seed phrases and optional passphrase.
Confirm your validator connected to the network by opening a new terminal and running:
If your validator is connected, its public key and IP address will appear in the list.
Controlling local network port allocation
By default the validator will dynamically select available network ports in the
8000-10000 range, and may be overridden with
solana-validator --dynamic-port-range 11000-11010 ... will restrict
the validator to ports 11000-11010.
Limiting ledger size to conserve disk space
--limit-ledger-size argument will instruct the validator to only retain the
last couple hours of ledger. To retain the full ledger, simply remove that arg.