Commitment

Commitment

The commitment metric aims to give clients a measure of the network confirmation and stake levels on a particular block. Clients can then use this information to derive their own measures of commitment.

Calculation RPC

Clients can request commitment metrics from a validator for a signature s through get_block_commitment(s: Signature) -> BlockCommitment over RPC. The BlockCommitment struct contains an array of u64 [u64, MAX_CONFIRMATIONS]. This array represents the commitment metric for the particular block N that contains the signature s as of the last block M that the validator voted on.

An entry s at index i in the BlockCommitment array implies that the validator observed s total stake in the cluster reaching i confirmations on block N as observed in some block M. There will be MAX_CONFIRMATIONS elements in this array, representing all the possible number of confirmations from 1 to MAX_CONFIRMATIONS.

Computation of commitment metric

Building this BlockCommitment struct leverages the computations already being performed for building consensus. The collect_vote_lockouts function in consensus.rs builds a HashMap, where each entry is of the form (b, s) where s is a StakeLockout struct representing the amount of stake and lockout on a bank b.

This computation is performed on a votable candidate bank b as follows.

let output: HashMap<b, StakeLockout> = HashMap::new();
for vote_account in b.vote_accounts {
for v in vote_account.vote_stack {
for a in ancestors(v) {
f(*output.get_mut(a), vote_account, v);
}
}
}

where f is some accumulation function that modifies the StakeLockout entry for slot a with some data derivable from vote v and vote_account (stake, lockout, etc.). Note here that the ancestors here only includes slots that are present in the current status cache. Signatures for banks earlier than those present in the status cache would not be queryable anyway, so those banks are not included in the commitment calculations here.

Now we can naturally augment the above computation to also build a BlockCommitment array for every bank b by: 1) Adding a ForkCommitmentCache to collect the BlockCommitment structs 2) Replacing f with f' such that the above computation also builds this BlockCommitment for every bank b.

We will proceed with the details of 2) as 1) is trivial.

Before continuing, it is noteworthy that for some validator's vote account a, the number of local confirmations for that validator on slot s is v.num_confirmations, where v is the smallest vote in the stack of votes a.votes such that v.slot >= s (i.e. there is no need to look at any votes > v as the number of confirmations will be lower).

Now more specifically, we augment the above computation to:

let output: HashMap<b, StakeLockout> = HashMap::new();
let fork_commitment_cache = ForkCommitmentCache::default();
for vote_account in b.vote_accounts {
// vote stack is sorted from oldest vote to newest vote
for (v1, v2) in vote_account.vote_stack.windows(2) {
for a in ancestors(v1).difference(ancestors(v2)) {
f'(*output.get_mut(a), *fork_commitment_cache.get_mut(a), vote_account, v);
}
}
}

where f' is defined as:

fn f`(
stake_lockout: &mut StakeLockout,
some_ancestor: &mut BlockCommitment,
vote_account: VoteAccount,
v: Vote, total_stake: u64
){
f(stake_lockout, vote_account, v);
*some_ancestor.commitment[v.num_confirmations] += vote_account.stake;
}